Tag Archives: MINUSMA

Mali suffocated by ECOWAS

The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) continues the imperative demands to the military commanders supported by Malians who assended power by coup d’état, to ensure a “rapid” return of civilian rule. The Republic of Niger President Mahamadou Issoufou on September 7 at the opening of ‘a summit of the ECOWAS in Niamey once again has underlined the major request for a clear timetable, ensuring the transition of power to the civilans.

“It is the duty of our community to assist the Malians with a view to the rapid reestablishment of all democratic institutions. The military junta must help us to help Mali”, affirmed Mr. Issoufou, also current president of the ECOWAS.

“Other strategic partners of the Malian people have the same hope,” he insisted.

President Issoufou recalled that the ECOWAS had “taken sanctions and asked the military junta to return to the barracks (…) and the establishment of a transition, lasting a maximum of 12 months, led by civilians “.

However the talks conducted by the ECOWAS are not reduced to verbal promotion of the democratic demands, the regional orgainsation has decided to close all its borders with Mali and block all the economic and financial transactions, launching a total blockade of the landlocked country.

As consequence even Mali neighbours started to doubt the effectiness of this drastic measure of the West African politicians, causing immense damage to Malians, already being listed among the poorest nations in the world. In Ayorou, a Nigerien town close to the border, residents are worried about the consequences of this closure, Radio RFI reports.

The residents of Ayorou are seeing short, medium and long term damages of the ECOWAS blocade because exchanges with neighboring Mali are essential for the city, especially concerning the supply of food products for the large Sunday market.

“There are the foodstuffs that they export, there is also tea, sugar and pasta. So really, if the borders are closed, we can say that the prices of the products will increase” the inhabitants of Ayorou complain.

Another consequence for the locals in the closing of the borders is damaging the travel between the various family members on the outskirts of Mali.

“If I wanted to visit family in villages on the border, for example in Koutougou which is around or eight kilometers from the border, it is a problem because the police do not accept the passage of vehicles” the local residents explain.

However the major concern is in absence of clarity for the future, how long will this devastaing for local population strategy last. The food shortages among neighboring countries, depending on Mali exports, are just part of the problem caused by the ECOWAS borders shut down. Nowadays the situaiton of the Malian population enters a dramatic stage of food insecurity, which has been a considerable problem for the internaitonal community, attempting to assist and provide humanitarian aid for the population, ensuring their human rights, namely right to life.

Escalating violence and insecurity in Mali have sparked an unprecedented humanitarian crisis, rendering 3.9 million people in need of assistance and protection – an increase of 700,000 since the beginning of the year, the UN said in December 2019.

Mali has been the scene of perpetual conflict and displacement for nearly eight years, when in January 2012, tensions in the marginalized north came to a head as rebels took over almost one-third of the country. A peace agreement signed in 2015 between the complex web of warring groups, has failed in implementation.

The report notes that eight years after the onset of the political crisis that has destabilized Mali, “the international community remains heavily focused on stabilization and counterterrorism, at times to the detriment of the worsening humanitarian situation.”

While insurgent violence in the north rages on, anti-Government elements have spread south into central Mali, where they have inflamed intercommunal tensions.

Some 70% of the people affected live in the conflict regions of Mopti, Timbuktu and Gao.

Throughout the year, UN and humanitarian partners have assisted about 900,000 people with food assistance and in 2020, the Humanitarian Response Plan seeks $365.6 million to assist nearly three million in urgent need.

While the UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) has restored some degreed of peace and government control there, the country’s northern and central regions remain trapped in cycles of violence.

The UN report (2019) has concluded that there is no purely military solution to the country’s crisis.

Although international humanitarian aid must be strengthened, Mali’s citizens also require a government willing and able to meet the needs of its people and address grievances at the root of the conflict while implementing the terms of the peace agreement in a timely and transparent fashion.

“The real war will be won by whoever wins over the population. And for now, the state is perceived to not even be trying”, said one of the UN representatives quoted in the report.

So fare the EU diplomacy has not expressed its position towards the ECOWAS strategy blocade of Mali trade, and finance.

“The decision to close borders by ECOWAS countries was undertaken on volonuraly basis” said the European Extenal Action Service spokesperson, while commenting on the issue.

EU strong support to MINUSMA

On Sunday morning, the peacekeepers were again targeted in Mali by those who want to spread fear and division.

The terrorist attack on a MINUSMA camp deployed in northern Mali caused the death of eight Chadian contingent soldiers, as well as dozens of wounded.

The European Union extends its sincere condolences to the families of the victims, Chad, Mali and the United Nations, and wishes a speedy recovery to the wounded. This attack also strikes the entire international community. Those responsible must be arrested and prosecuted” says the statement of the European External Actions Service spokesperson.

We reiterate our strong support for those who work for the restoration of peace in Mali, such as MINUSMA and Barkhane. The European Union will continue to work alongside Mali in this direction, as well as with the other G5 Sahel countries – some of which have recently been attacked – to roll back terrorism and allow people to live in safety and harmony. The recent resumption of Joint Force operations, which the European Union strongly supports, is in this respect a favorable development.”

Al-Qaeda in Mali claims rocket attack

Nusrat al-Islam militants claim the mortar (or rocket) attack carried out on July 29th 2018 against a military camp in Aguelhok, Kidal region. The group also says that it will not end its attacks against  France until French soldiers have left their country.

Nusrat al-Islam is It is the official branch of  Al-Qaeda in Mali after its leaders swore allegiance to Ayman al-Zawahiri, the incumbent leader of the  terrorist group.

Some of the experts monitoring terrorism offered the translation of the text in Arabic:

Twin suiside attack in Timbuktu

Militants disguised as UN peacekeepers – in blue helmets and driving a vehicle marked with the UN logo – struck two bases near the airport in Timbuktu.

The UN mission confirmed one of its peacekeepers had been killed at spot.

More than a dozen others, including many French soldiers, were wounded, according to the government officials.

In a statement, the security ministry said the attack involved dozens of rockets fired by militants “wearing blue helmets”, and both vehicles used in the attack were packed with explosives.

One of the vehicles exploded, the ministry said, while the other, with the UN logo, was stopped.

The ministry said that while five people were seriously injured, but the fighting had ended and the situation was back under control.

Mali: EU condolences to MINUSMA

Yesterday, the MINUSMA peacekeepers in Mali were again under attack, causing casualties and injuries. The day before, the Malian armed forces also lost men in the center of the country.

These attacks against the peacekeeping forces and the protection of the citizens of Mali against terrorism are aimed at preventing peace in Mali.

The EU extends its condolences to the families of the victims, the Government of Mali and the United Nation, and wishes a speedy recovery of the injured.

The European Union also remains firmly committed, together with the international community, to supporting the efforts of the Sahel G5 countries in the fight against terrorism and for peace, security and development in the region, as reaffirmed on 23 February by representatives of more than 60 countries and international organizations during the International High Level Conference on the Sahel in Brussels.

L’UE réitère soutien à la MINUSMA

La MINUSMA a été une fois de plus frappée par le terrorisme au nord du Mali. En conséquence plusieurs casques bleus ont perdu la vie ou ont été blessés. L’Union européenne déplore cet acte qui vise à empêcher la paix et la stabilité du Mali. Ses auteurs doivent être arrêtés et répondre devant la justice.

L’Union européenne présente ses condoléances aux familles des victimes et souhaite un prompt rétablissement aux blessés. Nous réitérons notre soutien à la MINUSMA ainsi que notre plein engagement à soutenir les efforts du Mali et de la communauté internationale en faveur de la paix, la sécurité et le développement du pays et de la région du Sahel.

 

L’UE à propos de la trêve au Mali

 

La signature hier d’un trêve, après deux mois de violents affrontements entre la Coordination des Mouvements de l’Azawad (CMA) et la Plateforme, constitue une avancée importante pour rétablir la confiance mutuelle entre les parties signataires de l’Accord pour la Paix et la Réconciliation au Mali.

Dans ce contexte, le retour hier du gouverneur de Kidal est un pas en avant vers le retour de l’Etat à Kidal. L’Union Européenne  salue le rôle joué par la MINUSMA,  l’Algérie et le gouvernement malien pour arriver à cet accord.

Les engagements pris par la CMA et la Plateforme doivent se traduire au plus vite dans une cessation définitive des hostilités permettant un accès humanitaire soutenu et la relance des services sociaux de base par le pouvoirs publics dans les régions du nord.

L’Union européenne réaffirme sa ferme volonté de soutenir le processus de paix afin que le Mali et l’ensemble de la sous-région puissent bénéficier d’une paix durable.  Le respect intégral des engagements pris dans le cadre de l’Accord d’Alger reste le seul moyen de garantir la paix, la réconciliation nationale et un développement durable et inclusif au Mali.

 

Les attaques contre la MINUSMA au Mali

Les attaques survenues hier contre les camps de la MINUSMA à Douentza et Tombouctou représentent un nouvelle tentative pour empêcher la paix et le développement du pays. Les  responsables de ces actes doivent arrêtés et poursuivis en justice, selon la déclaration du porte-parole sur les attaques contre la MINUSMA au Mali.

L’Union européenne présente ses condoléances aux familles des victimes, aux Nations Unies ainsi qu’au gouvernement du Mali, et réitère son  plein soutien aux efforts de la MINUSMA pour le rétablissement de la paix dans le pays.

Alors que la menace terroriste  continue de frapper le Sahel, nous restons plus que jamais déterminés à travailler aux côtés des gouvernements du Mali et des pays de la région, y compris le G5 Sahel, afin de permettre à leurs populations de vivre en paix et en sécurité.

EU expert team in Mopti and Segou

The Council has adopted a decision authorising a stabilisation action in the central regions of Mali, in the Mopti and Segou governorates. In response to the invitation from the Malian authorities, the European Union will deploy a team of experts to support Malian national plans and policies, in order to counter the growing insecurity and to re-establish and expand the civilian administration in these regions. The action’s primary objective is to help consolidate and support democracy, the rule of law, human rights and gender equality by strengthening general governance in this region for the benefit of the local communities.

The EU stabilisation team will be responsible for advising the Malian authorities in Mopti and Segou on governance-related issues, and supporting the planning and implementation by the Malian authorities of activities aimed at reinstating the civilian administration and basic services in the region. The team will be able also to support anenhanced dialogue between the Malian authorities and the local communities.

The stabilisation team will consist of 10 people and will have a budget of €3.25 million for an initial operating phase of one year. It will be based within the EU Delegation in Mali and will operate in Bamako, Mopti and Segou. This action will complement those of the EU Delegation in Mali and the CSDP missions deployed there (EUCAP Sahel Mali and EUTM Mali), and is part of the EU’s integrated approach in Mali. The stabilisation team will also work in close cooperation with other international actors in the region, particularly the UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilisation Mission in Mali (MINUSMA).

 

This stabilisation action is decided by the Council on the basis of Article 28 of the Treaty on European Union, which states that ‘where the international situation requires operational action by the Union, the Council shall adopt the necessary decisions. They shall lay down their objectives, scope, the means to be made available to the Union, if necessary their duration, and the conditions for their implementation.’ This is the first time that a Council decision has been decided in that context. The decision was adopted by the Council by written procedure.

L’UE sur l’attaque à Tombouctou

“Aujourd’hui encore, les forces de la paix ont été prises pour cible par ceux qui veulent semer la peur et la division. L’attaque perpétrée à Tombouctou, Mali, contre un camp de la MINUSMA et de la Force Barkhane est une attaque contre tous ceux qui s’engagent à ramener la paix et la stabilité dans le Nord Mali, dont la France, l’Union européenne et la communauté internationale à travers les Nations unies. Les responsables de cette attaque doivent être arrêtés et poursuivis en justice,” – a dit la Déclaration de la Haute Représentante Federica Mogherini sur l’attaque d’un camp de la MINUSMA au Mali.

 

 

 

“L’UE adresse ses vœux de prompt rétablissement aux victimes et à leurs familles, et réaffirme son plein soutien à la France et l’Opération Barkhane, ainsi qu’à la MINUSMA, indispensables partenaires pour le rétablissement de la paix au Mali.”

“Nous continuerons à travailler ensembles, aux côtés du Mali, pour permettre aux populations de vivre en sécurité et de lutter contre le terrorisme. Je porterai ce message d’unité et de détermination lors de ma visite à Bamako dans quelques jours.”