Paving the way to the debate at the UN General Assembly, Nelson Mandela Peace Summit marked the centenary of the birth of South Africa’s first democratically-elected President and global civil rights icon. Member States are expected to adopt a historic Political Declaration declaring 2019-2028 the “Nelson Mandela Decade of Peace,” and calling on all world leaders to “redouble efforts to pursue international peace and security, development and human rights”.
“Mandela embodied the United Nations values. His ideal was a world in which all people live together in equality and harmony. He was global citizen whose legacy must continue to guide us” – said Antonio Guterres, the UN Secretary General.
“Meanwhile much has been done to ensure that the world would never go to war with itself again, the organisation faces more intricate challenges. Over the past seven decades, millions of people worldwide have been killed. Of these, women and children continue to bear a disproportionate burden of these troubles”, South African President Cyril Ramaphosa said.
Zimbabwe’s former President Robert Mugabe said that he accepted the election victory of his successor, Emmerson Mnangagwa, IOL news site reports.
“Mnangagwa won. It’s now constitutional… It was an election and his victory cannot be disputed. We now leave behind us the transgressions of yesterday.” Mugabe told mourners on September 6 at his mother in-law’s funeral ceremony in the capital, Harare.
Zmbabwe‘s newly sworn-in President Emmerson Mnangagwa vowed on Sunday, August 26 to open a probe into violence which followed the country’s first election since Robert Mugabe was ousted from power.
“To put closure and finality to the matter, I will soon be announcing members of the commission of inquiry into the said violence who will, upon completion, publish their findings,” he said shortly after being sworn in.
“This is a different Zimbabwe, the dawn of the second republic of our Zimbabwe” the President Mnangagwa.
Zimbabwe’s president elect Emmerson Mnangagwa will be inaugurated on Sunday, August 26. Crowds of supporters are expected to gather at Zimbabwe National Sports Stadium for the ceremony.
Mnangagwa has called for peace after a top court upheld his victory in last month’s election.Writing on Twitter, Mnangagwa said his door was open and his arms extended to Chamisa.
In a statement the MDC said it respected the court’s ruling with a heavy heart but wouldn’t say exactly what the party plans to do next. Press-conference of Chamisa has been declared today.
Kofi Annan passed away on August 18 at the age of 80, the UN Migration Agency confirmed. Annan, a former diplomat from Ghana, led the United Nations from 1997 to 2006.
Annan was the first black African to take up the role of the world’s top diplomat, serving two terms from 1997 to 2006.
He later served as the UN special envoy for Syria, leading efforts to find a peaceful solution to the conflict.
Annan’s tenure coincided with the Iraq War and the HIV/Aids pandemic.
Zimbabwe’s opposition leader Nelson Chamisa, filed a court challenge against President Emmerson Mnangagwa’s election victory, he wrote on Twitter, a step that would delay Mnangagwa’s inauguration that had been planning for August, 12.
Under the constitution, a losing presidential candidate has seven days to challenge the result from when a winner is declared. The Constitutional Court must rule within 14 days and Mnangagwa’s inauguration would have to wait for the outcome of Chamisa’s challenge.
Earlier this month, Mnangagwa secured a comfortable victory, according to results from the Zimbabwe Electoral Commission, polling 2.46 million votes against 2.15 million for the 40-year-old Chamisa. The opposition said the result was rigged.
The European Union and United States condemned violent attacks targeting the Zimbabwe opposition since elections last week, while 27 supporters of the MDC party were released on bail.
President Emmerson Mnangagwa, declared winner of the country’s first elections since the downfall of Robert Mugabe, again vowed to protect rights, but the government has been accused of overseeing a brutal post-vote crackdown.