Category Archives: Crisis

Al-Shabaab expands into Kenya

Somali radical Islam insurgents are making their own explosives, according to a confidential U.N. report explaining their frequent and deadly attacks.

The Somali al-Qaeda-affiliated terrorist group al-Shabab extends attacks beyond borders, by recruiting new members outside Somali clans, luring them with promises of money and gifts.

In the beginning of this year an assault on an office and hotel complex in Nairobi (Kenya), was the first to be led by non-ethnic Somalis since al-Shabab began major cross-border operations in 2010.

Ali Salim Gichunge, nicknamed Farouk (26) leading Nairobi attacks was a Kenyan who attended a Catholic school and whose mainly Christian ethnic group Meru has no ties to Somalia.

Farouk is by no means exception among a growing number of Kenyans with no ethnic links to Somalia recruited by the militants in recent years, according to relatives, security officials and analysts.

Widespread poverty and unemployment create a nourishing ground for al-Shabaab recruiters offering cash or even just promises of work, researchers who interviewed defectors from the group report. The relatives of the young men said, even small gifts would work for engaging them.

“In the past, the security forces concentrated their efforts in parts of the country that are Muslim majority, Muslim-dominated,” said Murithi Mutiga, a project director for the International Crisis Group think-tank, he added that, “now it’s much harder because al-Shabab has shown its adaptability by recruiting from outside the traditional areas.”

As well al-Shabab has expanded its operations from Somalia into East Africa, where it has hit high-profile targets, such as the offices of Western multinational companies.

Four dead in Sudan protests

One policeman and three protesters were killed in Sudan  Khartoum and many other demonstrators were wounded, state TV said.

The Transitional Military Council (TMC), which took over after the army overthrew President Omar al-Bashir in April blamed the violence on saboteurs who demonstrated discontent with the transition deal.

After the incidents Sudan’s ruling military council warned that it would not allow “chaos”. Four people were killed in violence that broke out over an agreement on a political transition reached by the generals and protest groups.

#LPS19: ESA upgrades Africa partnerships

Professor Dr.Martin VISBECK (@mvisbeck), head of research at Geomar, shares his views on developing new partnership with Africa on preventing natural disasters and shaping relevant strategies between ESA and African institutions and universities. The interview granted at Living Planet Symposium Milan Italy #LPS19

The European Space Agency’s 2019 Living Planet Symposium has opened its working sessions today in Milan (Italy) Convention Centre MiCo.

This symposium focuses on Earth Observation contribution to science and society, and spreading knowledge on disruptive technologies and actors, changing the traditional Earth Observation landscape, which also reveals new challenges and opens opportunities for public and private sector interactions.

 

African Union imposes Sudan power transfer

The African Union (AU) demanded Sudan’s military to hand over power to a civilian-led transitional authority within 60 days.

In a statement, the AU said it noted “with deep regret” that the military had not stepped aside and handed power to civilians within a 15-day period set by the AU last month. The 60 days were a final extension for Sudan’s Transitional Military Council to hand over power to civilians, the AU underlined.

 

Zintan military moving to Tripoli

The launch of the second phase of the battle for Tripoli, has been reported by the local portal Al-Wasat.

The spokesman for the General Command, Major General Ahmad Al-Mismari, announced that “the commander of the western military zone, Major General Idris Madi, is heading a large force from the city of Zintan under the Tripoli liberation operations room and has received his combat mission.”

At the moment the Libyan National Army has begun to form additional combat units. This happened after fixing on the western theater of operations, according to the representative of the armed association Ahmed al-Mismari,

He also added that that  the LNA Air Force did not perform any flights on April 22. According to al-Mismari, the forces of the Libyan army were seen above the LNA airbase.

Earlier it became known that the capital of Libya was subjected to rocket fire. According to a number of media outlets, the strikes were inflicted by the forces under the leadership of Khalifa Haftar, however, LNA representatives denied this information.

 

 

Russia-Turkey support UN Libya action plan

Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov and his Turkish counterpart Mevlut Cavusoglu have reaffirmed their commitment to assist Libyan conflict settlement the Russian Foreign Ministry (MFA) said. The agreement was reach during a telephone conversation on April 18.

Diplomats have exchanged opinions on the situation in Libya, expressing “concern over a serious escalation of the situation due to unceasing clashes between various armed groups in Tripoli that have led to numerous casualties.

Russian side stressed that the profound crisis that enveloped Libya is a direct consequence of NATO’s 2011 intervention,” Russian Minister underlined.

Russian and Turkish diplomacy have confirmed their mutual commitment to enhance the negociations over the ceasefire and peace between the conflicting sides strictly through political-diplomatic dialogue on the basis of the UN Libya Action Plan.

 

Trump and Haftar discussed need for peace

White House informed that President Donald Trump had a telephone conversation with  Libyan Commander Khalifa Haftar and discussed “ongoing counter terrorism efforts and the need to achieve peace and stability in Libya.

The telephone call took place on April 15, Monday, however it was announced by the administration only by the end of the week.

Commander Haftar has double US and Libyan citizenship.

President Trumprecognized Field Marshal Haftar‘s significant role in fighting terrorism and securing Libya’s oil resources, and the two discussed a shared vision for Libya’s transition to a stable, democratic political system,” the White House said in its official readout of the call.

 

 

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