Category Archives: East Africa

Lifting state of emergency in Ethiopia

The lifting of the State of Emergency, which was established ten months ago following violent protests throughout the country, by the Ethiopian Parliament is a step in the right direction, particularly in the run-up to the 2018 local elections, European External Action Service (EEAS) statement says.

“Continued efforts on all sides are still required to address the grievances that led to the protests. Sustainable solutions require inclusive, constructive dialogue and political reform, as well as a peaceful and democratic environment in which criticism and shortcomings can be constructively addressed in Ethiopia. Further violence would only hamper this process, ” EEAS.

Facebook au Kenya contre “fake news”

Facebook a mis à la disposition des Kényans cette semaine un outil pour aider les utilisateurs à repérer les “fake news”, à quelques jours des élections générales dans le pays.

Les Kényans sont appelés à se rendre aux urnes mardi pour élire leur président, leurs députés, sénateurs, gouverneurs et représentants aux assemblées locales. Le président sortant, Uhuru Kenyatta, 55 ans, brigue un second mandat face à Raila Odinga, 72 ans, le chef de l’opposition.

Une étude de Geopoll and Portland réalisée le mois dernier sur 2.000 Kényans montre que neuf personnes sur dix ont déjà vu, lu ou entendu une fausse information. La moitié des personnes interrogées consomme des informations sur les réseaux sociaux.

“La hausse du nombre de fake news est un vrai problème au Kenya”, constate Alphonce Shiundu, contributeur pour Africa Check, une association qui promeut le fact-checking en Afrique.

Les sept millions d’utilisateurs de Facebook au Kenya vont voir apparaître sur leur fil d’actualité un nouvel outil leur permettant d’évaluer les contenus.

Ils seront redirigés vers une page contenant des conseils pour repérer une fausse information, contrôler le domaine de la page internet, les sources et les autres articles sur le sujet, a dit Facebook dans un communiqué.

A l’approche des élections, les fausses informations ont beaucoup circulé sur les réseaux sociaux.

Par exemple, les Kényans ont pu voir la photo d’un pont en ruines sur une ligne de chemin de fer que le président Kenyatta revendique comme l’une de ses principales réalisations, un projet qui a coûté l’équivalent de 2,7 milliards d’euros.

Un autre faux document avance que la société qui a organisé un débat télévisé auquel le président Kenyatta n’a pas participé appartenait à des proches de Raila Odinga, indique Africa Check.

EU laments victims of Somalia attacks

The EU expresses its condolences to all the victims and their families.

Terrorist attacks against civilians in Mogadishu andon the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) are another attempt to undermine Somalia’s determined course towards a stable and secure country. (Photo: illustration).

The EU pays tribute to all security personnel for their commitment to rebuild Somalia and ensure a peaceful environment for the population. These attacks will not deter our strong support of AMISOM and the Somali National Security Forces in their efforts to bring security and stability to the country. The EU will continue working with the Somali authorities, the African Union and other partners to enhance stability and Somalia’s capacity to fight terrorism.

Troika condemns violence in South Sudan

The members of the Troika – Norway, the United Kingdom,  the United States, – and the European Union condemn the continuing violence in South Sudan, especially the Government of South Sudan’s current offensive against SPLM-In Opposition (SPLM-IO) forces near Pagak, as well as ongoing road ambushes and attacks by the SPLM-IO. The Pagak offensive is a clear violation of the unilateral ceasefire declared by President Salva Kiir on May 22, and calls into question the government’s commitment to reach peace through the National Dialogue, notwithstanding the sincere efforts undertaken by the leaders of the Steering Committee.
The Troika and EU repeat and endorse the June 12 call by the leaders of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) for President Kiir to ensure that his forces respect the unilateral ceasefire, for the armed opposition groups to reciprocate the ceasefire, and for all groups to allow the unfettered delivery of humanitarian assistance to all those in need. We also welcome IGAD’s announcement of a High-Level Revitalization Forum for the South Sudan peace process.  We call upon IGAD to expeditiously convene the Forum, and to include the current principal parties to the conflict.  Likewise, we urge all parties to fully participate in the Forum.  The Troika and EU agree with IGAD that the Forum should focus on achieving a ceasefire and resuming political dialogue that focuses on updating the agreement’s timelines and other provisions that are now obsolete in light of the expansion of conflict since 2015.
The proliferation of violence, displacement, and food insecurity renders any discussion of elections in the foreseeable future as an unnecessary diversion from the primary goals of achieving peace and reconciliation. South Sudan’s leaders, neighbors, and regional and international partners must first focus on achieving peace in order to create the conditions needed to hold credible elections. To achieve these urgent goals, we look forward to the prompt revitalization of an inclusive and credible peace process by IGAD; such progress would be required in order for the Troika and EU to commit further resources to institutions designed to implement the agreement.

Al-Shabaab strikes in Mogadishu

A suicide car bombing and assault by Shabaab militants on two neighbouring restaurants in Somalia’s capital Mogadishu ended on the 15th of June, in the morning with 18 dead, a government spokesman said.

“The operation is over now and the gunmen were killed by the security forces,” said Mohamed Ahmed Arab, spokesman for Somalia’s security ministry.

 

 

EU condolences to Somalians

Al Shabaab

 

“The EU extends its condolences to the families and friends of all those who lost loved ones and wishes a speedy recovery to the injured” says the statement of the European External Action Service.

“These terrorist acts shall not deter the path to peace and security in Somalia.”

“The European Union stands closely with the Somali federal and regional governments and security forces in their efforts to defeat terrorist activities.”

Al Shabaab’s terror attack on an army base in Puntland in Somalia has left a high number of dead and dozens injured.

EU observation mission to Kenya

In response to an invitation by the Kenyan authorities, the European Union has decided to deploy an Election Observation Mission (EOM) to Kenya to observe the general elections scheduled for 8 August. Former EU EOM recommendations have played a role in promoting political dialogue and the consolidation of democracy in Kenya.

Federica Mogherini, High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy has appointed Ms. Marietje Schaake Member of the European Parliament, as Chief Observer.

The EU and Kenya are log standing partners, with 2017 marking 40 years of our cooperation. This is the fourth time that the European Union observes general elections in Kenya, reflecting our common work to credible, transparent and inclusive elections in the country, since our political dialogue and cooperation strategy focusses on supporting good governance. This year’s general elections are foreseen to be very competitive and we are committed to give an important contribution to the electoral process through the Electoral Observation Mission led by Chief Observer Schaake (pictured). We expect the rule of law will prevail with all parties resolving any possible election disputes through dialogue and available legal remedies” – Federica Mogherini said.

 

I am honoured to lead the EU EOM to Kenya. The forthcoming general elections will be another defining moment in Kenya’s democratic development. Kenya has already achieved impressive progress in terms of democratisation and good governance. I trust the Kenyan people will express their political choices in a peaceful and calm environment, thus confirming the significance of democratic institutions. The August polls can further consolidate the democratic record through well-run, transparent, inclusive and peaceful elections, with all sides refraining from any actions or statements that may incite violence”- the Chief Observer, Member of the European Parliament, Ms. Schaake (ALDE, NL), declared.

Kenya HR

 

 

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