Category Archives: Conflict

Les attaques contre la MINUSMA au Mali

Les attaques survenues hier contre les camps de la MINUSMA à Douentza et Tombouctou représentent un nouvelle tentative pour empêcher la paix et le développement du pays. Les  responsables de ces actes doivent arrêtés et poursuivis en justice, selon la déclaration du porte-parole sur les attaques contre la MINUSMA au Mali.

L’Union européenne présente ses condoléances aux familles des victimes, aux Nations Unies ainsi qu’au gouvernement du Mali, et réitère son  plein soutien aux efforts de la MINUSMA pour le rétablissement de la paix dans le pays.

Alors que la menace terroriste  continue de frapper le Sahel, nous restons plus que jamais déterminés à travailler aux côtés des gouvernements du Mali et des pays de la région, y compris le G5 Sahel, afin de permettre à leurs populations de vivre en paix et en sécurité.

Burkina Faso: la cible d’attaques terroristes

Une fois de plus, le Burkina Faso et sa capitale ont été la cible d’attaques terroristes aveugles, causant la mort de nombreuses victimes.

L’Union européenne transmet ses sincères condoléances aux familles des victimes et au peuple Burkinabé. Elle témoigne également sa solidarité avec tous les pays qui comptent des ressortissants parmi les victimes.

L´Union Européenne est unie avec le Burkina Faso, ainsi que les autres pays du Sahel, notamment dans le cadre du G5 Sahel, dans la lutte contre le terrorisme et la défense des valeurs de paix, de liberté et de diversité.

Nous restons déterminés à lutter, ensemble, contre cette menace commune.

(Déclaration du Porte-Parole au sujet de l’attaque terroriste au Burkina Faso)

L’UE réponse aux crises au Mali et en République Centrafricaine

La Commission européenne a annoncé  l’octroi d’un soutien supplémentaire de 9 millions d’euros en réponse aux crises au Mali et en République Centrafricaine, portant l’assistance humanitaire de l’UE à l’Afrique Occidentale et Centrale à environ 254 millions d’euros depuis le début de l’année.

 “Les conflits au Mali et en République Centrafricaine continuent de générer beaucoup de souffrance parmi les personnes qui sont contraintes de fuir leur pays. L’UE s’engage à les aider. Aujourd’hui, nous renforçons notre soutien humanitaire pour sauver des vies dans ces deux pays. Cette aide va contribuer à pourvoir des biens de première nécessité tels que de la nourriture et des médicaments aux populations, et soutenir les organisations humanitaires qui travaillent dans les zones touchées par les conflits” – le commissaire chargé de l’aide humanitaire et de la gestion des crises, Christos Stylianides a déclaré à ce sujet.

Cette enveloppe de 9 millions d’euros comprend deux volets: 5,5 millions d’euros seront attribués aux besoins urgents des populations affectées par la crise en République Centrafricaine; 3,5 millions d’euros vont aider à répondre à la situation préoccupante du Nord et du centre du Mali ainsi que dans les régions voisines du Burkina Faso et de la Mauritanie. L’UE et ses Etats-membres sont les principaux donneurs d’aide humanitaire en Afrique avec 1,5 milliards d’euros pourvus par la Commission ces deux dernières années.

EU continues investing in Tripoli

EU representatives from the EU Delegation to Libya, Operation Sophia and EUBAM met with the President of the Presidency Council, Fayez Al Serraj, and other Libyan officials in Tripoli, notably Deputy Minister of Defence Colonel Ewhida Abdullah Ewhida, the Chief of the Libyan Navy and the Chief of the Libyan Coastguard.

Discussions focused on the overall EU support to Libya and the Libyan needs, notably on capacity building for security institutions and the rule of law, border control and managing migration.

The mission took place just days after EUNAVFOR MED Operation Sophia, EUBAM Libya and the EU Liaison and Planning Cell supporting the peace and security process in Libya were renewed until December 2018.  On Operation Sophia, discussions focused on the implementation of the renewed mandate and tasks, notably on how to set up a monitoring mechanism to ensure the long-term efficiency of the training of the Libyan Coastguard.

The visit also followed the adoption of a new programme of €46 million under the EU Trust Fund for Africa on Friday 28 July, to reinforce the integrated migration and border management capacities of the Libyan authorities. It aims at stepping up activities in support of the Libyan Border- and Coast Guards to enhance their capacity to effectively manage the country’s borders. It complements the €90 million package adopted in April 2017 focused on the country stabilization and protection of IDPs, migrants, refugees and host communities in Libya.

The visit underlined the EU determination to support Libya, a close neighbour, at this important moment. EU financial support to Libya targets a wide range of sectors, among them health and education institutions, private sector development and local communities.

EU laments victims of Somalia attacks

The EU expresses its condolences to all the victims and their families.

Terrorist attacks against civilians in Mogadishu andon the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) are another attempt to undermine Somalia’s determined course towards a stable and secure country. (Photo: illustration).

The EU pays tribute to all security personnel for their commitment to rebuild Somalia and ensure a peaceful environment for the population. These attacks will not deter our strong support of AMISOM and the Somali National Security Forces in their efforts to bring security and stability to the country. The EU will continue working with the Somali authorities, the African Union and other partners to enhance stability and Somalia’s capacity to fight terrorism.

EU condemns terrorism in Mali

“We stand together in our fight against terrorism,” EU High Representative Federica Mogherini said in remarks to the press this morning. “These are difficult and dramatic hours which testify to how European and Africans are brothers and sisters in both the fight against terrorism and in the solidarity of our response to it,” Mogherini said.

“We will continue to work together day after day and will not let terrorism win,” Mogherini added in a press conference later in the day.

The EU currently has more than 500 troops from 27 countries deployed in Mali with a mandate to provide capacity-building to the Malian army and support their mission to restore Malian territorial integrity, protect the population and reduce the threat posed by terrorist groups.

EU foreign ministers meeting today in Luxembourg adopted positions on counter-terrorism as well as the Africa-EU partnership and EU support to Mali and the Sahel region. They reiterated the EU’s full support to the implementation of the Malian Peace and Reconciliation Agreement. They also commended the political leadership of the G5 Sahel countries G5 Sahel (Burkina Faso, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Chad) for recently setting up a joint counter-terrorism force, which the EU recently announced it would support with EUR 50 million.

The EU takes an integrated approach to promote the security, stability and development of the region. In addition to its support for the G5 Sahel force, the EU invests heavily in sustainable development in Mali and the region. The EU’s development cooperation initiatives in Mali mainly focus on political and economic governance, strengthening institutional capacities and regional integration. The EU furthermore provides around EUR 46 million a year in humanitarian aid to Mali.

“Our partnership is very strong and will be consolidated, strengthened on the occasion of the Africa-EU summit this November,” Mogherini said.

Troika condemns violence in South Sudan

The members of the Troika – Norway, the United Kingdom,  the United States, – and the European Union condemn the continuing violence in South Sudan, especially the Government of South Sudan’s current offensive against SPLM-In Opposition (SPLM-IO) forces near Pagak, as well as ongoing road ambushes and attacks by the SPLM-IO. The Pagak offensive is a clear violation of the unilateral ceasefire declared by President Salva Kiir on May 22, and calls into question the government’s commitment to reach peace through the National Dialogue, notwithstanding the sincere efforts undertaken by the leaders of the Steering Committee.
The Troika and EU repeat and endorse the June 12 call by the leaders of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) for President Kiir to ensure that his forces respect the unilateral ceasefire, for the armed opposition groups to reciprocate the ceasefire, and for all groups to allow the unfettered delivery of humanitarian assistance to all those in need. We also welcome IGAD’s announcement of a High-Level Revitalization Forum for the South Sudan peace process.  We call upon IGAD to expeditiously convene the Forum, and to include the current principal parties to the conflict.  Likewise, we urge all parties to fully participate in the Forum.  The Troika and EU agree with IGAD that the Forum should focus on achieving a ceasefire and resuming political dialogue that focuses on updating the agreement’s timelines and other provisions that are now obsolete in light of the expansion of conflict since 2015.
The proliferation of violence, displacement, and food insecurity renders any discussion of elections in the foreseeable future as an unnecessary diversion from the primary goals of achieving peace and reconciliation. South Sudan’s leaders, neighbors, and regional and international partners must first focus on achieving peace in order to create the conditions needed to hold credible elections. To achieve these urgent goals, we look forward to the prompt revitalization of an inclusive and credible peace process by IGAD; such progress would be required in order for the Troika and EU to commit further resources to institutions designed to implement the agreement.
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