In October Angola became party to the Optional Protocol aiming to the abolition of the death penalty, to the Convention against Torture and other cruel inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment and to the Convention on the elimination of all forms of racial discrimination.
The European Union welcomed Angola’s alignment with these three significant international treaties on human rights. The EU diplomacy underlined that Angola reinforces the global trend towards the abolition of the capital punishment, the eradication of torture and the elimination of all forms of racism.
“These accessions by Angola should encourage other countries to follow this example” said the statement of the European External Action Service.
“The European Union reaffirms its strong commitment to the universal abolition of the death penalty, to combatting torture and other ill-treatment worldwide as well as all forms of racism“.
Following an invitation from the Mozambican authorities, the European Union will deploy an Election Observation Mission (EOM) in the country, to observe the general elections which will be held on 15 October. This decision reflects once again the European Union’s commitment to support democracy in Mozambique, where the EU has observed all elections conducted since 1994.
The EU top diplomat Federica Mogherini has appointed as Chief Observer of the Election Observation Mission Ignacio Sánchez Amor (pictured), Member of the European Parliament (MEP).
The 2019 elections in Mozambique come at an important moment in the country’s history, when real progress towards a comprehensive peace agreement opens the way to permanent reconciliation and accelerating reform”, said Mogherini.”A successful electoral process can help to generate the stability and confidence needed for growth and development. I am confident that Chief Observer Ignacio Sánchez Amor MEP will lead a successful EOM that will once more contribute positively to the strengthening of democracy in Mozambique.”
“I feel honoured to head the EU EOM to Mozambique. These elections take place in the context of important changes in the country’s administrative structure, notably with the decentralization of key aspects of governance. My objective is for the EOM to provide a positive input – through impartial and objective assessments and constructive recommendations – to an overall credible, transparent and inclusive process. And I would add that we will of course continue our work with the Mozambican authorities to implement recommendations from previous observation missions”, Chief Observer Sánchez Amor reacted.
The Electoral Observation Mission’s core team, consisting of 9 analysts, will arrive in Maputo on 31 August. The team will stay in the country until the completion of the electoral process, and will prepare a comprehensive final report. The core team will be joined shortly after its arrival by 32 long-term observers to be deployed across the country. A further 76 short-term observers will be deployed around election day. The EU EOM also looks forward to cooperating and communicating with other international and domestic observation missions.
“… A point on the Central African Republic. I was there also a few days ago. I proposed to the Ministers to increase our cooperation with the country at a moment that is critical for the implementation of the peace agreement’ said the EU top diplomat Federica Mogherini, following the Foreign Affairs Council in Brussels.
“We will come back with concrete proposals, especially on our work with our mission (EUTM RCA) there that is training the military and also with the possibility of developing a police component for that”.
The first round of presidential elections in Mauritania took place on June 22nd.
“The European Union commends the high turnout at this poll held in a peaceful atmosphere and generally satisfactory conditions”.
“Still waiting for the final results, the European Union is concerned by the statements of some candidates and calls everyone to calm and restraint and to resort to legal channels for possible disputes” says the statement of the European External Action Service spokesperson.
“Following the announcement of the results of the presidential election in Cameroon by the Constitutional Council, the European Union expects the President-elect to bring together all stakeholders to overcome the challenges facing the country, to the benefit of all Cameroonians” says the European External Actions Service statement on the presidential elections in Cameroon.
“While elections were generally held in a peaceful manner, some parts of the population were unable to take part in the vote. The EU reiterates its concern about the situation in the North-West and South-West regions of the country. It is crucial that the authorities are open to the proposals of civil society and religious authorities for a peaceful and lasting resolution of the crisis, and that a process of dialogue be launched as soon as possible with all actors in favour of peace.”
“The preliminary statement of the African Union Election Observation Mission recommends strengthening the legal and institutional framework for elections in Cameroon, which could increase voter confidence in the electoral process and make it more inclusive. Such reforms are crucial and the EU stands ready to accompany such a process. The EU takes note that all appeals lodged by the opposition candidates have been rejected”.
“The European Union, as a major partner of Cameroon, will continue to work for the development and stability of the country for the benefit of all Cameroonians.”
“A new Constitution has been promulgated in Chad. The process leading to its adoption has not been conducted in a sufficiently inclusive manner as required by by such a fundamental issue”, according to the statement of the European External Action Service (EEAS).
However, a call for the revival of the national framework of political dialogue, launched to organize the dialogue within the Chadian society, was addressed by the President Deby during its promulgation, – the EEAS statement continues.
The European Union remains ready to support Chad for a genuine inclusive political dialogue taking place in this context, respecting fundamental freedoms, and offering all Chadians the opportunity to participate fully in the political, economic and social life of the country. It notes in this respect the opportunity created by the announcement of the holding of legislative elections and the recasting of the Electoral Commission, – the EEAS statement concludes.
New Constitution of Chad reinforces the powers of president. The National Assembly voted the draft Constitution by 132 votes in favor, 2 against. A strong police presence was visible around the National Assembly in N’Djamena, with the opposition and several civil society organizations calling for protests.
“Mediation efforts by the Economic Community of Western African States have been essential in the intense negotiations between political stakeholders to contribute to a way out of the long-lasting political crisis” – says the statement of the European External Action Service (EEAS), commenting the appointment of an inclusive government, chaired by consensual Prime Minister Aristide Gomes, which has reopened the National Assembly, and made an announcement of legislative elections for November 2018. Both movements are considered by the EEAS are the major steps towards the resumption of a “normal functioning” of the State institutions in Guinea Bissau and the preparation of the new electoral cycle.
“Now is the time to consolidate political and institutional progress, have a programme and budget for the government presented and discussed in the reopened National Parliamentary Assembly, and start preparations for the legislative elections.”
“We encourage all stakeholders to engage in this new opportunity for the recovery of democratic normality, Rule of Law and institutional stability. With that purpose, we stand ready to collaborate with the authorities of Guinea Bissau for transparent and inclusive legislative elections on 18 November 2018.”
“The EU will maintain its engagement and coordinated action with international partners, especially within the P5 group – the United Nations, the African Union, ECOWAS, the Community of Portuguese Language Countries – to promote stability, democracy and development for the people of Guinea Bissau.”