Tag Archives: Khartoum

Central Africa signs peace deal

Central African Republic concluded a peace deal with 14 armed groups on following two weeks of talks in Khartoum, Sudan.

The peace deal was announced by the African Union but the terms were not immediately released.

Central African Republic has been tormented by violence since 2013 when Selaka rebels ousted President Francois Bozize, stirring conflict between Muslim and Christian militias. United Nations peacekeepers were deployed in 2014, however their numbers were not sufficient to end the ongoing violence.

 

Al-Bashir blames foreigners Sudan unrest

President Omar al-Bashir said that the initiators of mass unrest swept Sudan in the past few weeks, receive financial support from abroad. He said this on January 3 in Khartoum during a speech on the occasion of the 63rd anniversary of the independence of the east African state.

According to al-Bashir, the organizers of anti-government demonstrations “receive funding from abroad, and the guide to action is from the embassies of some foreign countries represented in Khartoum,” reported Al-Mayadin TV channel.

But the Sudanese will not sell their independence for dollars,” the Sudanese leader underlined.

Our country has been in a state of economic war for 21 years already, since the introduction of international sanctions against it,” said Al-Bashir, commenting on the difficult economic situation in Sudan. However, a way out of the crisis, he said, must be resolved within the country.

Overcoming it will not work in one day or one night, but we know how to find a way out of the current difficult situation,” al-Bashir explained and promised “at the end of the month to start implementing the program to raise salaries in the country to the required level and support most vulnerable people. “

Mass protests in port Sudan

Demonstrations demanding President Omar al-Bashir to resign erupted in city of Port Sudan (pictured), where protesters condemned alleged repression by the government and deteriorating economic conditions, Turkish News Agency Anadolu reports.

Security forces dispersed hundreds of demonstrators with teargas, eyewitnesses told Anadolu Agency.

In December, the port city saw similar protests that were also dispersed by security forces.

Protests began in Sudan on December 19 in 14 of the country’s 18 states, including capital Khartoum.

The city has handles the majority of Sudan international trade, and has an oil refinery.

Sudan shuts down social networks

Authorities are blocking access to Sudanese popular social media platforms used to organize and broadcast nationwide anti-government protests triggered by an economic crisis, internet users complain.

In a country where the state tightly controls conventional media, the internet has become a key information battleground. Of Sudan’s 40 million people, some 13 million use the internet and more than 28 million own mobile phones, local media reports.

Sudan opposition calls Al-Bashir to resign

Sudan largest opposition bloc along with the whole spectrum political groups for President Omar al-Bashir to resign, turning up the pressure on the longtime autocrat after two weeks of street protests.

Nidaa al-Sudan said in a statement that it urges Omar al-Bashir and his administration to step down to open a transition toward democracy.

Nidaa al-Sudan comprises the Umma party of former Prime Minister Sadeq al-Mahdi and rebel groups in the western Kordofan and Darfur regions, and the Blue Nile region south of Khartoum.

However the calls for resignation were met by fierce oppression demonstrators, although operating in restricted conditions, the reporters inform about use of firearms and numerous victims among unarmed civilians.

Taken into consideration severe constraints on reporting from Sudan because of Internet shutdown, silencing of social, media, and control of telephone services, reporters, and human rights defenders can only approximately estimate the number killed by the regime including while in custody. The toll is rising above hundred victims.

Sudan police use live ammunition against protesters

Sudanese police fire with live ammunition at protesters in Khartoum, as they continue to call for President Bashir to resign.

President Omar al-Bashir has promised the New Year will bring improvements, and economic development, amid his speech the security forces undertook operation dispersing anti-government protests with teargas and live ammunition.

For the first time in history we build [the budget] on development projects … aimed at lessening people’s suffering by maintaining subsidies on certain goods and items, raising salaries, and refraining from tax burdens,” al-Bashir told a congregation in Khartoum.

Al-Bashir  also referred to international cooperation and trade, with an accent on bilateral partnerships with China, Russia and Gulf States as means to reaching prosperity. “We have been engaged in strategic partnerships that aim at raising the efficiency of our economy… [and] providing a solid foundation for our national production base.”

In a speech concluding 63 years of Sudanese independence, al-Bashir said the 2019 budget, approved  the end of December would help the country “brave through the current crisis“, referring to outbreak of  protests over rising price and shortages of basic commodities, which has provoked demonstrations across Sudan over the past two weeks.

Sudan conducts arrests of opposition leaders

Nine opposition leaders and activists have been arrested in Sudan, a group of civil society groups said, the move took place ahead of the expected anti-government protests foreseen after weekly Muslim prayers.

The head of the media office at the National Intelligence and Security Service denied any involvement.

Sudan has been caught in turmoil of more than a week of anti-government protests sparked by degrading living conditions, rising prices, shortages of basic commodities and a cash crisis.

At least 19 people died during the protests, including two military personnel, however till present the exact number of victims is unknown. However, Amnesty international claimed 37 people already lost their lives, and toll of casualties of clashes between protesters, and military is continuing to rise.

A committee of groups of professionals involved in the protests said in a statement that authorities had raided a meeting of opposition leaders in Khartoum. They detained a total of nine people, including Siddiq Youssef, a prominent member of Sudan’s Communist Party, along with the leaders from the pan-Arab Ba’ath and Nasserist parties, the statement said.

The raid followed after calls for continuation of protests after the weekly noon prayers on Friday, December 28.

EU calls Sudanese for restraint

In the context of ongoing popular protest against the dire socio-economic situation in Sudan and worrying reports of growing numbers of casualties, it is important to show restraint and act within the law,” the statement of the spokesperson of the European External Action Service reads. (Image above: protests).

We expect the government of Sudan to respect the right of people to voice their concerns and respond to grievances. All law enforcement and security bodies should act under its direct control and in accordance with Sudan’s constitutional and international commitments“.

These matters will be raised under the European Union’s phased engagement with Sudan and also within the mandate of the Independent Expert on Human Rights.

Opposition voices propose a march on Sudanese presidential palace to demand the ouster of longtime autocrat Omar Bashir, in a potential escalation after days of protests that security forces met with violence in the capital Khartoum and cities across the country.

EU-Sudan dialogue depends on reforms progress

On 19 November 2018, the Council adopted conclusions on Sudan, which remains crucial for the peace and stability of the wider Horn of Africa. The Council reaffirms the EU’s readiness to engage in an evolving dialogue and cooperation with Khartoum, depending on progress shown by Sudan in committing to internal reforms, including human rights and good governance, facilitation of humanitarian assistance, sustainable peace and a constructive role in the region.

The Council urges the Sudanese authorities to fully respect the right to freedom of expression, press, access to information, association and peaceful assembly, in compliance with international human rights law. The Council underlines that the run-up to 2020 elections should be an opportunity for Sudan to demonstrate its commitment to reforms by allowing the full participation of all its citizens in an inclusive political process and without restrictions to individual rights.

In this regard, the Council expresses its deep concern with the shrinking space for the civil society and the persecutions against human rights defenders, students, political activists, journalists, and other media workers, as well as with the situation for women and girls.

Despite Sudan’s non-ratification of the revised Cotonou Agreement, the EU remains committed to the people of Sudan, and since 2010 has made €196 million available from the European Development Fund to address the needs of people living in conflict-affected areas. As part of this overall support, in March 2016 the EU approved a Special Measure of €100 million, which is channelled through the EU Emergency Trust Fund for Africa. The Special Measure will be implemented in Darfur, the Eastern States of Red Sea, Kassala and Gedaref (and, to the extent that access and security conditions allow, in the Southern border areas). It will focus on the provision of basic needs in education and health, livelihoods and food security, and the strengthening of civil society, local governance and peacebuilding. Major beneficiaries of EU support will be vulnerable populations; in particular refugees, internally displaced persons, returnees and the local communities hosting them.

 

South Sudan refuses peace deal

South Sudan’s rebel chief Riek Machar on Tuesday, August 28, refused to sign a final peace deal, which aims to end a brutal civil war, with the government, according to a Sudanese mediator.

The main opposition groups, including the SPLM-IO (Machar faction), refused to sign the final document, demanding guarantees over their reservations, Sudanese Foreign Minister Al-Dierdiry Ahmed said. “South Sudan will not have peace unless these groups sign,” the mediator added. The warring South Sudanese parties have held weeks of talks in Khartoum in search of a comprehensive peace deal to end the conflict that has killed tens of thousands of people and displaced millions in the world’s youngest country since it erupted in December 2013, AFP said. Machar and his arch foe, President Salva Kiir, have already inked several agreements, including a permanent ceasefire and a power-sharing deal.

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