The EU gave positive evaluation of the initial steps taken towards the implementation of the ‘Revitalised Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in South Sudan’, signed on 12 September under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD)’, but Europe expects it should be followed by other actions in the same direction.
“In Juba South Sudanese parties reconfirmed their commitment to the The initial steps taken towards its implementation, are going in the right direction and should be followed by others”, the text of the European Action Service statement says.
“However fighting continues in some areas of the country. It is important that all parties immediately observe the provisions of the Cessation of Hostilities Agreement of December 2017 and disengage and separate their forces in close proximity as agreed by them. Full and unimpeded humanitarian access throughout the country is equally paramount. Recent reports have documented grave human rights violations and abuses in South Sudan, some of which may amount to war crimes and crimes against humanity. We expect all parties to hold perpetrators of violence to account, and ensure that transitional justice and accountability mechanisms are in place for the people of South Sudan.
“The full implementation of actions, such as releasing all prisoners of war and political detainees, would build confidence among South Sudanese parties and with the international community and is critical for an effective peace process, with political and economic inclusiveness, transparency and accountability.
“IGAD and its member states have a central role to ensure that the Agreement is implemented by the parties.The European Union will continue to support the region and to show solidarity with the people of South Sudan and remains committed to accompanying them on their journey towards peace, reconciliation, stability and resilience.
The EU joins IGAD Council of Ministers in condemning the repeated violations of the Agreement on the Cessation of Hostiles in South Sudan (ACOH). These violations, perpetrated by the major stakeholders, include the killings of civilians, sexual violence and recruitment of child soldiers.
“Those who seek to spoil the search for peace in South Sudan should know that there will be consequences, including the imposition of restrictive measures. Fighting must stop. The EU expects on all parties to abide by the Agreement on the Cessation of Hostiles and engage meaningfully in the second phase of the High Level Revitalization Forum” – the statement of European External Action Service says.
The EU confirms it will continue supporting monitoring monitoring mechanism. “Timely reporting will allow that appropriate action can be taken against those who violate the agreement” – the EEAS ensures. The EU also reaffirms its commitment to support the search for peace in South Sudan.
“The European Union echoes the concern and disappointment expressed by the Chairperson of IGAD Council of Ministers over the violations of the Agreement on the Cessation of Hostilities, Protection of Civilians and Humanitarian Access signed on 21 December by the Parties to the conflict in South Sudan” – says the European External Action Service spokesperson statement on the situation in South Sudan.
“All parties should respect their commitment to the cessation of hostilities. All forms of fighting have to come to an immediate end. The European Union calls on the monitoring mechanism for an immediate an throughout investigation with the support of UN mission to identify those responsible for the violations.”
“The European Union will continue to support IGAD and African Union efforts to bring peace to South Sudan. It reaffirms it readiness to use any necessary tools, including restrictive measures, towards those who act against peace and obstruct constructive dialogue and compromise, in line with recent African Union and IGAD resolutions Peace and any other provisions of International Law” – the statement concludes.
“The signature of the Agreement on Cessation of Hostilities, Protection of Civilians, and Humanitarian Access is an important step towards a resolution of the conflict in South Sudan. The Agreement was signed yesterday in Addis Ababa by the parties to the conflict in South Sudan. The European Union signed as an official witness alongside other international partners.” – the says the statement by the spokesperson on the signature of the Cessation of Hostilities agreement for South Sudan.”
“This took place in the context of the High Level Revitalisation Forum, which started on 18 December and is led by the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD). In particular, the efforts of the facilitation, led by IGAD Special Envoy for South Sudan, Ambassador Ismail Wais, are commendable.”
“Over the last few days, South Sudanese participants have shown their commitment to constructive dialogue and compromise. Now, the implementation of the agreement will be essential, as the situation in South Sudan remains critical.”
“All parties to the conflict should respect their commitment to the cessation of hostilities and create the conditions for humanitarian access. The EU remains ready to apply any necessary tools, including restrictive measures, towards individuals obstructing the way towards progress, in line with the African Union Peace and Security Council Communiqué of 20 September.”
The members of the Troika – Norway, the United Kingdom, the United States, – and the European Union condemn the continuing violence in South Sudan, especially the Government of South Sudan’s current offensive against SPLM-In Opposition (SPLM-IO) forces near Pagak, as well as ongoing road ambushes and attacks by the SPLM-IO. The Pagak offensive is a clear violation of the unilateral ceasefire declared by President Salva Kiir on May 22, and calls into question the government’s commitment to reach peace through the National Dialogue, notwithstanding the sincere efforts undertaken by the leaders of the Steering Committee.
The Troika and EU repeat and endorse the June 12 call by the leaders of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) for President Kiir to ensure that his forces respect the unilateral ceasefire, for the armed opposition groups to reciprocate the ceasefire, and for all groups to allow the unfettered delivery of humanitarian assistance to all those in need. We also welcome IGAD’s announcement of a High-Level Revitalization Forum for the South Sudan peace process. We call upon IGAD to expeditiously convene the Forum, and to include the current principal parties to the conflict. Likewise, we urge all parties to fully participate in the Forum. The Troika and EU agree with IGAD that the Forum should focus on achieving a ceasefire and resuming political dialogue that focuses on updating the agreement’s timelines and other provisions that are now obsolete in light of the expansion of conflict since 2015.
The proliferation of violence, displacement, and food insecurity renders any discussion of elections in the foreseeable future as an unnecessary diversion from the primary goals of achieving peace and reconciliation. South Sudan’s leaders, neighbors, and regional and international partners must first focus on achieving peace in order to create the conditions needed to hold credible elections. To achieve these urgent goals, we look forward to the prompt revitalization of an inclusive and credible peace process by IGAD; such progress would be required in order for the Troika and EU to commit further resources to institutions designed to implement the agreement.