Tag Archives: UN

Haftar march on Tripoli continues

I leave Libya with a heavy heart and deeply concerned. I still hope it is possible to avoid a bloody confrontation in and around Tripoli. The UN is committed to facilitating a political solution and, whatever happens, the UN is committed to supporting the Libyan people” wrote the Antonio Guterres in his Twitter micro blog. The message came after his visit to Libya for meeting with eastern commander Khalifa Haftar who has declared his troops are marching on the capital Tripoli in an counter-terrorist operation, supported by Tobruk Parliament. Marshal Khalifa Haftar told UN Secretary General that counter-terrorist operation will continue until complete ‘elimination of terrorism‘, Al-Arabiya TV reported.

At present there are conflicting reports about an ongoing offensive in Tripoli area.

The same pan-Arab channel reported Marshal Haftar troops “took control ” of Suq al-Khamis  village some 40 km south of Tripoli, further they moved took over Ben-Hashir, a town 34 km from Tripoli, and now there are heading the airport.

 

Image above: illustration.

EU confronted with escalation in Libya

The UN Security Council has called for an emergency meeting on to discuss the escalation in Libya‘s years-long power struggle, as a number of foreign powers urged restraint.

The president of the European Parliament called the EU to act in response to the decision of Marshall Khalifa Haftar (pictured) to send troop to Tripoli to neutralise the terrorists, and criminal gangs. The decision of the military commander Haftar is supported by Tobruk Parliament, concerned with further degradation of the security situation in Tripoli, and incapability of backed by the West Prime minister of the Government of National Accord (GNA) Fayez al-Sarraj to provide security in the capital.

Subsequently the West is gravely concerned with the fate of their loyal ally Fayez al-Sarraj, who is going to lose the grip on power, and the entire country would be united under the nationalist ruler Haftar, pursuing Libyan interest above all.

 Zintan allies of Tobruk government issued a special press-release welcoming the decision of Marshall Haftar liberate Tripoli from terrorists.

African Union Summit opens in Addis Ababa

The leaders of  African states gather for the annual African Union #AU summit which started its activities from February 7.

The refugees and internally displaced persons are in the focus of the Summit taking place in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Nowadays Sub-Saharan Africa hosts more than a quarter of the world’s 25.4 million refugees, the UN agency for refugees UNHCR reports.

However that figure is considered to be a conservative assessment because of ongoing conflicts in the Central African Republic, South Sudan, Somalia, the Democratic Republic of Congo and Burundi.

According to the United Nations, 85% of the displaced people are located in developing countries, with three African countries – Uganda, Sudan and Ethiopia  among the major hosts of refugees in the world.

The activists and campaigners for human rights insist there is an urgency for the African Union to undertake practical measures to address the issue of refugees on the continent.

The #AU will also discuss a standard passport for all African countries. There are expectations that the passports will bring the continent closer to free movement of people alike in the European Union, to promote a viable alternative to current illegal migration.

The AU’s Commission promised to announce the design, production, and issue a model of a passport during the Summit.

However the problem of passports is not limited to its design, or funding. There is no tradition, neither requirement to issue birth certificates in Sub-Saharan Africa, with an exception of some urban agglomerations. The date of birth in the overwhelming number of cases is unknown, which creates a considerable obstacle in identification of  an individual. The case of a notorious Ethiopian “junior” athlete Girmawit Gebrzihair,  causing an international scandal, is a recent example of difficulties the authorities meet, while producing passports for citizens without birth certificate, based only on their affidavit, the method lacking credibility. An alternative for establishing a correct age, can be in use of medical checks with a sophisticated modern equipment, however the are no funds available to engage in such a costly practice.

 

 

Wounded and dead in Bambari CAR

Militants killed two police officers in the Central African Republic town of Bambari ahead of a scheduled visit by the country’s President, the government said. The attack came a day after President Faustin-Archange Touadera announced a date for African Union-brokered peace talks with armed groups who control most of the CAR.

Doctors Without Borders (MSF) said it had treated 30 people for bullet wounds, while local media reported 10 people killed, however this information was impossible to verify.

United Nationas MINUSCA sent peacekeepers to the site of the clashes, spokesman Vladimir Monteiro said. Its troops there had come under fire a day earlier, he added.

According to an internal UN report a militant called “General Bello,” in charge of UPC fighters in Bambari, had been wounded. Union for Peace in the Central African Republic (UPC), has been dominant around Bambari.

Portuguese peacekeepers battled for five hours to protect civilians and restore order after militants killed two police officers in Bambari ahead of a scheduled visit by the country’s president on Thursday, January 10.

Somalia expels UN official

Somalia has expelled the top  United Nations official accusing him of interfering with national sovereignty days after he raised concerns about the actions of UN-supported Somali security forces.

The Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General for Somalia, Nicholas Haysom, is no longer welcome in Somalia and cannot operate in the country,” the foreign ministry said in a statement.

Haysom was accused of “violating protocols” and “deliberately interfering” in the internal affairs of the Horn of Africa country.

There was no immediate reaction from the UN mission in Somalia.

The order is issued a few days after Haysom raised concerns about the action of Somalia’s UN-backed security services in recent clashes with demonstrators contesting the arrest of former al-Shabab deputy leader Mukhtar Robow in the southern city of Baidoa last month, leaving 15 people dead and 300 people arrested.

EU on Mozambique acceding Arms Trade Treaty

“On 14 December 2018, Mozambique became the 100th State Party to the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT), after depositing its instrument of ratification to the Secretary General of the United Nations.  Over half a million people are killed with conventional arms every year and strengthening the regulation of international trade in these weapons, which the ATT is designed to do, can save lives around the world.  By acceding to the Treaty, countries contribute to the advancement of the ATTs’ objective to prevent and eradicate the illicit trade in conventional arms and ammunition, and prevent their diversion” the European External Action Service (EEAS) says in a statement.

“100 States Parties is an important achievement for the Treaty, which entered into force on 24 December 2014, but additional support is needed to allow the ATT to reach its full potential and to make it even more effective. Universal adherence would positively contribute to global peace, security and stability, and create conditions for the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals.

“All 28 European Union Member States have joined the ATT and are pursuing its objectives, its universal ratification and full, effective implementation. All Signatory States should advance their ratification processes and all States, especially the major arms exporters, importers and transit States, to join the ATT without delay”

#Baidoa: violent clashes in Somalia

The following international partners* (listed below) are concerned about the recent events in South West State. We extend our deepest condolences for the death of the South West State assembly member and others who have died in the violence in Baidoa. We deplore all violence and any other acts that could exacerbate the humanitarian situation” says the text of the joint statement.

“The international community underscores that there should be unified support for the agreed framework governing the elections, and urges all parties to respect the integrity of the electoral process. We encourage constructive dialogue to resolve political differences and address other challenges in order to advance the political and economic progress of the country.”

* =  Denmark, European Union, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Kenya, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Uganda, United Kingdom, United States, AMISOM and the United Nations.

Social media reports killings of civilians, fires, and even AMISOM tanks in the street.

 

« Older Entries