Brussels 22.11.2021 “The Troika (Norway, the United Kingdom, and the United States), the European Union, Switzerland and Canada welcome the agreement to re-instate Dr Abdalla Hamdok as Prime Minister of a civilian-led transitional government, pending elections” reads the Statement by the Troika, the European Union, Switzerland and Canada, on events in Sudan.
“We are encouraged by the renewed commitment to the 2019 Constitutional Declaration as the basis of the transition towards democracy. We welcome the release from house arrest of Dr Hamdok, but urge the immediate release of all other political detainees, not only in Khartoum but in all parts of the country. These are all crucial steps towards restoring Sudan’s transition, constitutional order and rule of law.
“We reiterate our solidarity with the Sudanese people and our support for a successful transition leading to a free, democratic, just and peaceful Sudan. It is essential that the next steps meet the aspirations of the people, including through a genuinely inclusive and consultative approach to establishing the remaining transitional institutions.
“We continue to regret and condemn the loss of life, violence and human rights violations which have taken place since 25 October. Dozens of protesters have been killed, and hundreds injured or arbitrarily detained. Medical professionals have been prevented from carrying out their duties and journalists have been assaulted. We welcome the commitment to investigate deaths and injuries among protesters, and call for this investigation to be thorough, independent and transparent. It remains essential that the Sudanese people are permitted to peacefully express their opinions, free from violence or the threat thereof.
“Our thoughts and condolences are with the families and friends of those who have lost their lives while seeking to defend their rights”.
Brussels 13.11.2021 “The Troika (Norway, the United Kingdom, and the United States), the European Union, and Switzerland are gravely concerned by the purported appointment of Sudan’s Sovereign Council in violation of the 2019 Constitutional Declaration.
“This unilateral action by the military undermines its commitment to uphold the agreed transitional framework, which requires that civilian members of the Sovereign Council be nominated by the Forces for Freedom and Change, and complicates efforts to put Sudan’s democratic transition back on track. It runs contrary to the aspirations of the Sudanese people and the political and economic stability of the country.
“We strongly urge against further escalatory steps and again call for the immediate restoration of Prime Minister Hamdok and the civilian-led transitional government. We urge the immediate release of all those detained since October 25 and the lifting of the state of emergency to allow for genuine and constructive dialogue. We remind Sudan’s military leaders that they supported the end of authoritarian rule in 2019, and that international support is predicated on a successful democratic transition in line with the Constitutional Declaration. We urge an immediate and full return to this path to ensure that the hard won political and economic gains of the last two years are not lost.
“We also call on the security services to respect the rights of Sudanese citizens to freely express their views without fear of violence or detention.
The members of the Troika – Norway, the United Kingdom, the United States, – and the European Union condemn the continuing violence in South Sudan, especially the Government of South Sudan’s current offensive against SPLM-In Opposition (SPLM-IO) forces near Pagak, as well as ongoing road ambushes and attacks by the SPLM-IO. The Pagak offensive is a clear violation of the unilateral ceasefire declared by President Salva Kiir on May 22, and calls into question the government’s commitment to reach peace through the National Dialogue, notwithstanding the sincere efforts undertaken by the leaders of the Steering Committee.
The Troika and EU repeat and endorse the June 12 call by the leaders of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) for President Kiir to ensure that his forces respect the unilateral ceasefire, for the armed opposition groups to reciprocate the ceasefire, and for all groups to allow the unfettered delivery of humanitarian assistance to all those in need. We also welcome IGAD’s announcement of a High-Level Revitalization Forum for the South Sudan peace process. We call upon IGAD to expeditiously convene the Forum, and to include the current principal parties to the conflict. Likewise, we urge all parties to fully participate in the Forum. The Troika and EU agree with IGAD that the Forum should focus on achieving a ceasefire and resuming political dialogue that focuses on updating the agreement’s timelines and other provisions that are now obsolete in light of the expansion of conflict since 2015.
The proliferation of violence, displacement, and food insecurity renders any discussion of elections in the foreseeable future as an unnecessary diversion from the primary goals of achieving peace and reconciliation. South Sudan’s leaders, neighbors, and regional and international partners must first focus on achieving peace in order to create the conditions needed to hold credible elections. To achieve these urgent goals, we look forward to the prompt revitalization of an inclusive and credible peace process by IGAD; such progress would be required in order for the Troika and EU to commit further resources to institutions designed to implement the agreement.
“The members of the Troika (the UK, US and Norway) and the EU are deeply troubled by the ongoing conflict in South Sudan. We echo the concerns highlighted recently by the Chairperson of the African Union Commission Moussa Faki Mahamat and Chairman of the Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission President Festus Mogae on increased violence, and strongly endorse their call to end all military operations immediately” – says the statement by the Troika and EU on the security situation in South Sudan.
“Opposition attacks on civilians are disrupting lifesaving aid and commercial trade. Large government offensives in Yuai, Waat, Tonga and Kodok have resulted in even more tragic humanitarian consequences, displacing 50,000-100,000 individuals in recent weeks. Government forces continue to target civilians in violation of the law of armed conflict. These actions stand in direct conflict with the Government’s stated aim of a political solution to the conflict, and severely undermine the prospect of any credible national dialogue. The Troika and EU call on President Kiir to implement immediately his commitment to a unilateral ceasefire as conveyed to IGAD heads of state on 25 March.”
“We continue to underline that there is no military solution to the conflict. The Government of South Sudan must ensure that there is a meaningful ceasefire which shows a genuine commitment to peace and stability, and is not simply a reflection of the fact that fighting is made more difficult by the rainy season. Such a commitment must go beyond simply a cessation of hostilities, and include withdrawing troops; disbanding ethnic militias; helping, not hindering humanitarian assistance; and releasing political detainees.”