Mali’s ruling officers have focused on political Charter which they have adopted today. The document could serve as a roadmap for transition to the civilian rule in the next one and a half year. The key element has been an appointment of an army representative as interim head of state to ensure the transition period in cooperation with the coalition that led anti-government protests before last month’s coup.
The charter ratified by participants in the talks with the ECOWAS states confirmed that the interim President can be a civilian or a soldier and will preside over a transitional period of 18 months before elections are held, said Moussa Camara, the spokesman for the talks.
The interim president will be selected among the army officers, Camara said in remarks at the end of three days of negotiations.
The M5-RFP coalition that led protests against unpopular President Ibrahim Boubcar Keita before the August 18 is eager to lead the transition, subsequently they have rejected the Charter, leaving the power in hand of the army.
Initially, the ECOWAS representing Mali’s West African neighbours, has failed to re-introduce President Keita, but they continued to insist on a transition of no more than one year led by the civilians.
However the new of the rejection of the Charter by the opposition, drags the country in further instability, and turmoil.
Ousted President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita left Mali on September 5 for planned medical treatment in Abu Dhabi, diplomatic sources in Bamako said.
Keita, 75, was hospitalised in the capital Bamako on September 1, a week after he was released from detention by the ruling military, which ascended power in the coup d’état on August 18, ironically it was the same way Keita himself has chosen to defeat his competitiors eight years ago.
Mamadou Camara, the former chief of staff, said that Keita left Bamako on September 5 in the evening aboard a plane chartered by the United Arab Emirates at the request of Mali’s military commanders.
“It is a medical visit of between 10 and 15 days,” Camara underlined.
Keita’s medical condition has not been revealied. He had a benign tumour removed from his neck in 2016.
West African leaders, fearing the coup could set a precedent that would undermine their power initially insisted Keita be restored in his status, without considering widespread discontent with his rule, and accussation of endemic corruption, fuelling mass protests. Seemingly negociatiors proposal to re-establish Keita rule became increasingly irrelevant, and out of context, ignoring protests in the streets for months, demanding his resigantion.
The departue of Keita for «medical treatment» to UAE is regarded by many as a dignified way out to permanent exile, the epilogue of a period of his unseccefful and tumultius rule, the end, allowing Malians to move on, with new beginnings, implementing their demands for funcitonal democratic state.
After months of civil unrest, and absence of any meaningful response to the demands of the people, Mali military took the lead announcing their plan to nation on moving towards a civil and political transition.
International agreements will be respected, including the agreement with the Tuareg rebels. The resolutions of the national dialogue will be implemented. Credible and transparent elections will be organized, the group of officers said in a TV statement.
Malian President Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta announced his resignation on the night of August 18-19, explaining that he had no choice but to submit to the will of his rebelling army to prevent blood from being spilled.
President Keïta, arrested in the company of his Prime Minister Boubou Cissé at the end of the afternoon and taken to the military camp from which a mutiny had started at the start of the day, appeared around midnight on public television ORTM, wearing a mask on the mouth.
Political tension has been accumulating since Keita won re-election in August 2018 in a poll that opposition parties said was marred by irregularities.
The government pushed ahead with a legislative election in March despite the coronavirus outbreak, causing further discontent after the Constitutional Court overturned 31 of the results. That decision handed Keita’s party 10 more parliamentary seats, making it the largest bloc.
Also in March, unidentified gunmen abducted Mali’s main opposition leader, Soumaila Cisse, as he campaigned in the country’s volatile centre. There is no inforamtion about him ever since.