Tag Archives: Fayez Al Sarraj

Tripoli GNA obstructs Europarl debate

Anna van Densky from Brussels. As a result of the considerable diplomatic effort of the Government of National Accord (GNA, Tripoli) mission in Brussels, the public event with H.E.Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Libyan Interim government Abdulhadi Ibrahim Lahweej (pictured) posted by MEP Fulvio Martusciello (EPP, Italy), has been occluded. The Italian MEP initiate has been aimed at engaging in conversation with the Libyan top diplomat in search of avenues for peace in torn by conflict country, supporting efforts of establishing the meaningful dialog among rivals for political power.

However the GNA obstruction of the dialogue, reaching European Parliament premises in Brussels, opposing exchange of views between the MEP with the Minister, casts a long shadow on Tripoli administration, conforming the worst assessments of the experts, claiming the situation has degenerated. and the capital is overpowered by Muslim Brotherhood militia, imposing their ambition on Fayez Al-Sarraj, dabbed their “hostage“. The protracted devastating for the Libyans conflict serves primary the interests of the Muslim Brotherhood, considered by the Libyan parliament as terrorist group, and subsequently the major obstacle to reconciliation and peace. (Image below: sign against Muslim Brotherhood in streets of Tripoli).

Te rejection of the dialogue between rival Libyan political centre undermines the position of the EU, so far supporting Chairman Fayez Al Sarraj, howerver this support by no means is la carte blanche for Tripoli administration policies and actions. The blunt rejection of the attempts to establish a dialogue is seen by experts and the opponents of al-Sarraj as his ultimate submission to Muslim Brotherhood influences, which further degrade Libyan statehood, depriving it of avenues for restoration.

The de-constructive position of GNA is also raising questions of viability of future conference on Libya proposed by the German diplomacy. But not only, because peace in Libya is essential for stability and security in Maghreb and Sahel.

Since overthrowing of Gaddaif regime, the terrorist threat in Maghreb has risen 300 percent, with a dramatic impact on sub-Saharan Africa, namely Sahel, where the EU along with France and Germany supports G5 – five nations alliance, fighting terrorism. The future head of the European diplomacy Josep Borrell has been atmost clear when stating that peace in Libya is key element for security and stability of Europe.

The dictatorial impulses of Al-Sarraj administration, establishing their power through exclusion of the political opponents, and occluding debate, as it happened in case of MEP Martusciello initiative, serve as the convincing evidence of growing influence of Muslim Brotherhood in Tripoli. which further degrades Libyan statehood, depriving it of avenues for revival.

AMENDEMENT: image on display Minister Lahweej at European Parliament, Brussels, 15 October 2019, @AlexandreLouvet.

UN staff killed in explosion

“The U.N. does not intend to evacuate from Libya,” the assistant secretary-general for peace operations, Bintou Keita, told the UN Security Council, which condemned the recent attack in Benghazi, Libya.

A car bomb explosion in Benghazi killed three U.N. staff members and two other mission members on, the United Nations said.The attack came as the United Nations was negotiating a truce in the capital Tripoli, where the eastern-based Libyan National Army (LNA) force launched an military operation in April.

U.N. Secretary-General Antonio Guterres condemned the attack, a spokesman said in a statement. 

The United Nations gave no further details, indicating some of its casualties had been members working in Benghazi, the. LNA spokesman Ahmed Mismari told press two of those killed were guards with the U.N. Libya mission, and 10 people had been wounded, including young children.

The explosion happened in front of a crowded shopping mall and bank. One burned-out U.N. car could be seen in the street.

Around the time of the blast, LNA commander Khalifa Haftar announced a halt to military operations for 48 hours during the Muslim Eid al-Adha celebrations, which started on July 10.

Before the weekend, the government in Tripoli confirmed that they had already accepted a U.N. proposal for a ceasefire during the holiday.

Libya: dozens killed in Murzuq airstrike

More than 30 individuals have been killed in an air strike on the southern Libyan oasis town of Murzuq in the historic region of Fezzan, populated mostly by Dawada people, but also by Tuareg. (Image above: illustration).

Eastern Libyan (historicaly region of Cirenaica) forces under the leadership  of Marshall Khalifa Haftar confirmed an assault on August 4, but denied any responsibility for the death of civilians.

Despite expected movement  for unity among the Tuareg and other southern Libyan minorities, at present the situation in Fezzan  stays fragile, and the future of the province remains obscure.

In reality Fezzan is unstable in absence of unity among Tuareg communities vis-à-vis the events in TripoliThe Tuareg are hugely disappointed with the results of the regime change, which did not fulfill any from the multiple promises made by the West.

Population of Fezzan is plagued by lack of basic healthcare, access to water, education and jobs – all resulting in low living standards, depression and crime. The infrastructures, including developed by state electric grids erected during Colonel Gaddafi rule, have dilapidated without maintenance, and are out of use, and there no opportunities to restore them until the conflict is ravaging Libya.
Many men left Fezzan to join different battling militant groups in search for earnings.

Both Fayez Al Sarraj in Tripoli, and Khalifa Haftar in Benghazi are struggling  for alliance with different tribes in Fezzan: Tuareg and Toubou (Teda and Dazagra). 

Like the supported by the West government of  Al-Sarraj, Haftar has equally alliances among Tuareg, multiplying promises.

For Europe significance of Fezzan has risen dramatically  after  Libyan state collapse, which left southern borders unattended, and opened a broad gate for illegal migration from from the Sahel to Mediterranean coast – the so called sub-Saharan migrant route.

AMENDED:

“Indiscriminate attacks on densely populated residential areas may amount to war crimes and must cease immediately. As High Representative / Vice-President Mogherini stated on behalf of the EU on 2 August, those committing war crimes and those breaching International Humanitarian Law must be brought to justice and held to account” the European External Action Service reacted on Murzuq attack on its official Twitter account.

Lavrov accuses NATO in destruction of Libya

Russia’s top diplomat Sergey Lavrov underlined that the cause of the Libyan crisis today lies in NATO’s actions back in 2011. He pointed out that, since then, Libya has become a failed state and a ‘black hole’ for terrorists, arms trafficking and illegal migrant flows.

It is very difficult to move forward without understanding the underlying causes,” Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov continued. “…We would like Libyans themselves to determine their fate and begin an inclusive, businesslike dialogue without any artificial deadlines imposed on them from outside and without attempts to rush Libyans against their will.”

We are concerned about the fact that some armed groups in certain parts of Libya said they would use warplanes against the Libyan National Army,” he pointed out. “Those who have influence with these units, must prevent this escalation.

Lavrov stressed that the global community needed to call on the Libyans to cease hostilities and sit down at the negotiating table.

Russia is opposed to blame the Libyan crisis on one of the side of the conflict,  Minister said following talks with his Egyptian counterpart Sameh Shoukry.

Today we discussed Libya in detail taking into account the developments there. We keep a close eye on the armed forces’ advance, including the Libyan National Army and other groups, including those, which are illegal armed groups and control a considerable part of the country’s capital and some other areas,” Lavrov said. “We exchanged information on how this situation is discussed by the UN Security Council. We are opposed to attempts to apportion blame unilaterally.”

Moscow maintains contacts with all Libyan parties. “We welcomed contacts between Libyan National Army Commander Khalifa Haftar and head of the Government of National Accord Fayez al-Sarraj,” Russsian diplomat said. “During our contacts with all Libyan political forces, we send them the same signals, and we have never tried to bank on anyone. I am certain this is the way one should act in this case.”

He drew attention to the fact that the UN Security Council would convene again on Saturday to get detailed information on the developments in that country.

Kremlin calls for talks amid Libya crisis

We are watching the developments in Libya very closely,” Kremlin’s spokesperson Dmitry Peskov said, while explaining Russian’s stance on volatile situation in Libya.

“Commenting on the advancement of Marshal Khalifa Haftar to Tripoli, the Kremlin spokesman said: “Moscow is not participating in this in any way.” 

“Without a doubt, we believe that it is essential that any actions must not lead to renewed bloodshed. We also deem it necessary to continue all possible efforts to fully settle the situation through peaceful, political means,” the Kremlin spokesman said.

Meanwhile Libyan meida reports on heavy fighting in Sog Al-Khmies Emsihel region in southern Tripoli between eastern Libya armed groups and western Libya forces as the latter trying to advance on the mountain city of Gharyan.

EU confronted with escalation in Libya

The UN Security Council has called for an emergency meeting on to discuss the escalation in Libya‘s years-long power struggle, as a number of foreign powers urged restraint.

The president of the European Parliament called the EU to act in response to the decision of Marshall Khalifa Haftar (pictured) to send troop to Tripoli to neutralise the terrorists, and criminal gangs. The decision of the military commander Haftar is supported by Tobruk Parliament, concerned with further degradation of the security situation in Tripoli, and incapability of backed by the West Prime minister of the Government of National Accord (GNA) Fayez al-Sarraj to provide security in the capital.

Subsequently the West is gravely concerned with the fate of their loyal ally Fayez al-Sarraj, who is going to lose the grip on power, and the entire country would be united under the nationalist ruler Haftar, pursuing Libyan interest above all.

 Zintan allies of Tobruk government issued a special press-release welcoming the decision of Marshall Haftar liberate Tripoli from terrorists.

Libya remains in political deadlock

The UN envoy for Libya Ghassan Salame expressed hope for  another attempt to hold an election by June 2019 after he abandoned scheduled one for December this year, but he added that Libyans should first use a national conference early 2019 to decide on the poll’s format. Ambassador expressed himself at margins of the conference taking place on 12-13 of November “For Libya with Libya” in Palermo, Italy.

The diplomat announced the decision  to abandon plans of this year elections scheduled  on December 10 after a break out of violence, which has not come to the halt since the assassination of Muammar Gaddafi  in 2011. However it is not clear if the adjusted new schedule will go through after the rejection of the the major political rival of he Western-backed Chairman of the Natiional Accord Governemnt in Tripoli Fayez Al-Sarraj to take part in the tailored discussion on the second day of the conference.

Reportedly Marshall Khalifa Haftar aides indicated that the commander, in case he arrives, will discuss exclusively combating terrorism and will not attend plenary sessions on November, 12 focused on finding a modality for a political deal to end ongoing fighting among Libya‘s multiple militias and other factions.

The Conference on Libya is hosted by Prime minister Guiseppe Conte, whose chances of making it into a success are slim in absence of will to compromise between two major rivals – Al-Sarraj and Haftar, and lack of interest from the leadership of France and Germany, who did not attend the  event.

“It’s fundamental to seize this opportunity to back the cease-fire, to facilitate discussions for the realizations of new security assets in Tripoli and to show the international community’s determination to sustain the creation and deployment of regular armed forces and security forces,Conte was quoted as interviewed by La Stampa.

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